:terminal command to start a terminal session in a new buffer. This is a full terminal shell, just inside of Vim. The feature is relatively new, so, it requires Vim 8.1 or Neovim.
I normally use the terminal for quick one-off processes, like a build. If I'm going to do much more, I'll drop to the shell using
ctrl-z and return using
fg in bash.
Script the Terminal
What I really like about the built-in terminal is you can script it. This makes automating some tasks quite easy and useful. For example, writing this tutorial I run my wpsync program. This copies the markdown files I am authoring, in Vim of course, to my WordPress site.
I run this using:
Build Your Program
You can create a config mapping to make it even easier. I map the following to build a Go binary using the
autocmd FileType go nmap <leader>b :terminal go build<CR>